The golem is a character in Jewish mythology.
A creature from one of the main elements (or a mixture of them, for example, lava = earth + fire), animated by kabbalists (or other magicians) with the help of secret knowledge, like Adam, whom God created from clay (earth dust, earth, matter) ( though Adam is not called a golem).
Golem is a clay giant, which, according to legend, was created by the righteous Rabbi Loew to protect the Jewish people.
A very common Jewish folk legend that originated in Prague about an artificial man ("golem"), created from clay to perform various "black" jobs, difficult assignments that are important for the Jewish community, and mainly to prevent a blood libel through timely intervention and exposure .
Having completed its task, the golem turns into dust.
Folk legend ascribes the creation of the golem to the famous Talmudist and Kabbalist, the Chief Rabbi of Prague, Maharal Yehuda Ben Bezalel.
Who revived the idol by putting in his mouth the so-called.
shem or tetragrammaton.
The golem seems to be reborn to a new life every 33 years.
This legend dates back to the beginning of the 17th century.
Other golems are also known, created according to popular tradition by various authoritative rabbis - innovators of religious thought.
So, for example, already in some texts of the "Great Key of Solomon" written in the 16th century, there are methods for creating a "stone", which is created from clay, blood and other impurities, this lump is given the shape of a person and the parodic phrase "let there be a man" is proclaimed.
In this legend, folk fantasy seems to justify resistance to social evil by some, albeit timid, violence: in the image of the golem, the idea of an intensified struggle against evil, which transcends the boundaries of religious law, is legalized, as it were; It is not for nothing that the golem, according to legend, exceeds its "authorities", declares its will, contrary to the will of its "creator": an artificial person does what, according to the law, is "indecent" or even criminal for a naturally living person.