Kallima

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2023-07-18 Snargl 0 minute 0 second

What is the animal Kallima known for?

Kallima is a genus of butterflies that are known for their remarkable camouflage.
They are also called oakleaf or dead leaf butterflies, because they look like dried leaves when their wings are closed.
They have irregular patterns and striations in various shades of brown, yellow, and black on the lower surface of their wings, which mimic the veins and texture of a leaf.
They also have a ridge of long hairs along the vein of the hindwing, which resembles a leaf stalk.

This masquerade helps them to avoid predators, as they can blend in with the forest floor or the foliage.
When their wings are open, they show a different appearance, with bright colors and eye spots.
The upper surface of their wings is usually blue, orange, or purple, with black borders and white spots.
The forewing has a pointed apex, which gives them a distinctive shape.

Kallima butterflies are found in east, south, and southeast Asia, from India to Japan.
They belong to the subfamily Nymphalinae in the family Nymphalidae.
They have a wingspan of about 85 to 110 millimeters.
They feed on various plants, such as figs, mangoes, and laurels.
They exhibit polyphenism, which means they have different forms depending on the season.
The wet-season form tends to be smaller and more colorful than the dry-season form.

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Where does the Kallima live?

The Kallima is a genus of butterflies that are also known as the oakleaf or dead leaf.
They are found in east, south and southeast Asia, from India to Japan.
The Kallima butterflies have different forms depending on the season.
The wet-season form tends to be smaller.

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What does the Kallima look like?

Some of the most common species of Kallima are:
  • Kallima inachus: The orange oakleaf, Indian oakleaf, or dead leaf.
    It has a large orange band on the forewings and a black spot with a white center on the hindwings.
    It is found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, and southern China.

  • Kallima paralekta: The Indian leafwing.
    It has a smaller orange band on the forewings and no black spot on the hindwings.
    It is found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

  • Kallima philarchus: The Ceylon blue oakleaf.
    It has a bright blue color on the upper surface of the wings, with a black border and a white spot on the forewings.
    It is found only in Sri Lanka.

  • Kallima horsfieldii: The Sahyadri blue oakleaf.
    It has a similar blue color on the upper surface of the wings, but with a narrower black border and no white spot on the forewings.
    It is found only in the Western Ghats of India.

  • Kallima limborgii: The Peninsular Malaya leaf butterfly.
    It has a dark brown color on the upper surface of the wings, with a faint blue sheen and a white spot on the forewings.
    It is found in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei.

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