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Sardinella

Sardinella

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2023-07-18 Snargl 0 minute 0 second

What is the animal Sardinella known for?

Sardinella is a genus of fish that belongs to the family Dorosomatidae, which includes herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings.
It is known for being abundant in warmer waters of the tropical and subtropical oceans, especially in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean.
Sardinella is also known for forming large schools and being an important source of food for humans and other animals.
Sardinella can be distinguished from other similar fish by their striped markings along the scales of the top of the head, their paddle-shaped supramaxilla bones, their paired predorsal scales and their enlarged fin rays.
Sardinella is a valuable commercial fish that is often processed into canned sardines, salted fish, fish sauce or fish meal.
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Where does the Sardinella live?

Sardinella is a genus of fish that belongs to the family Dorosomatidae.

They are found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, as well as the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

They are abundant in warmer waters of the tropical and subtropical regions.

Sardinella are small, pelagic fish that usually form large schools.

They feed on phytoplankton and zooplankton, such as copepods.

They are an important source of food for larger predators, such as tuna, sharks, dolphins and seabirds.

They are also harvested by humans for commercial and subsistence fisheries.

There are currently 24 recognized species of Sardinella, which differ in their body shape, size, color, fin rays and gill rakers.

Some of the most common species are:
  • Round sardinella (Sardinella aurita): This species has a particularly elongated body, a relatively rounded belly, and a large number of fine gill rakers (up to 160).
    It has a faint golden midlateral line and a distinctive black spot on the hind border of the gill cover.
    It can grow up to 28 cm in length.
    It is widely distributed in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, and occasionally enters the Black Sea.
  • Indian sardinella (Sardinella longiceps): This species has a more compressed body, a keeled belly, and fewer gill rakers (40 to 55).
    It has a prominent silver stripe along the flank and no black spot on the gill cover.
    It can grow up to 23 cm in length.
    It is mainly found in the Indian Ocean, from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal.
  • Gold-stripe sardinella (Sardinella gibbosa): This species has a moderately elongated body, a slightly keeled belly, and intermediate gill rakers (60 to 100).
    It has a bright golden stripe along the flank and a small black spot on the gill cover.
    It can grow up to 20 cm in length.
    It is mainly found in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea to the Philippines.
Sardinella are migratory fish that move according to the seasonal changes in water temperature, salinity, currents and food availability.

They spawn in coastal areas, where the eggs and larvae drift with the plankton.

The juveniles often enter lagoons and estuaries, where they find shelter and food.

The adults return to the open sea, where they join the large schools.

Sardinella are ecologically and economically important fish that play a vital role in the marine food web and provide livelihoods for millions of people.

They are also sensitive to environmental changes, such as overfishing, pollution, climate change and habitat degradation.

Therefore, they need to be managed and conserved in a sustainable way.
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What does the Sardinella look like?

The Sardinella is a type of fish that belongs to the Dorosomatidae family.
It lives in warm, tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean.
It is a schooling fish that feeds on plankton.
It has a long body, a round belly, and many gill rakers.
It also has stripes on its head, a golden line on its side, and a black spot on its gill cover.
It can grow up to 28 cm long.
It is an important food source for many people around the world.
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