Ictiobus

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2023-07-18 Snargl 0 minute 0 second

Where does the Ictiobus live?

Ictiobus is a genus of freshwater fish native to North America, specifically the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Guatemala.
They are also known as buffalofishes, buffalofish or simply buffalo.

There are five species of Ictiobus:
  • Smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus)
  • Bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus)
  • Fleshylip buffalo (Ictiobus labiosus)
  • Usumacinta buffalo (Ictiobus meridionalis)
  • Black buffalo (Ictiobus niger)
The smallmouth buffalo, bigmouth buffalo and black buffalo are found in the rivers and lakes of the Mississippi and Saskatchewan basins.
The fleshylip buffalo and the usumacinta buffalo are less known and have a more southern distribution.
The fleshylip buffalo is endemic to Mexico.
The usumacinta buffalo is found in Mexico and Guatemala, where it occurs in the Usumacinta and Grijalva river basins.
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What does the Ictiobus look like?

The Ictiobus is a genus of freshwater fish native to North America, also known as buffalofishes or simply buffalo.

They are the largest and longest-lived of the North American suckers, reaching up to 1.23 m (4.0 ft) in length and more than 100 years of age for some species.

They have a robust, deep-bodied shape, with a large head and mouth.

Their scales are large and rough, and their color ranges from silvery to brownish, depending on the species and habitat.

They have a single dorsal fin, a forked caudal fin, and a fleshy lower lip.

There are five species of Ictiobus, each with distinctive features and distribution:
  • Smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus): This species has a small mouth, located at the end of the snout.
    It is found in the Mississippi River basin and the Great Lakes region, as well as some other drainages.
    It prefers clear, slow-moving waters with vegetation.
    It can grow up to 91 cm (36 in) and weigh up to 36 kg (79 lb).
  • Bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus): This species has a large mouth, located below the snout.
    It is found in the Mississippi River basin and the Hudson Bay basin, as well as some other drainages.
    It prefers turbid, fast-flowing waters with little vegetation.
    It can grow up to 112 cm (44 in) and weigh up to 40 kg (88 lb).
  • Black buffalo (Ictiobus niger): This species has a small mouth, located at the end of the snout.
    It is found in the Mississippi River basin and the Gulf Coast region, as well as some other drainages.
    It prefers muddy, slow-moving waters with vegetation.
    It can grow up to 122 cm (48 in) and weigh up to 54 kg (119 lb).
  • Fleshylip buffalo (Ictiobus labiosus): This species has a large mouth, located below the snout.
    It is found in the Rio Grande basin and some other rivers in Mexico.
    It prefers clear, moderate-flowing waters with vegetation.
    It can grow up to 76 cm (30 in) and weigh up to 9 kg (20 lb).
  • Usumacinta buffalo (Ictiobus meridionalis): This species has a small mouth, located at the end of the snout.
    It is found in the Usumacinta River basin in Mexico and Guatemala.
    It prefers clear, moderate-flowing waters with vegetation.
    It can grow up to 60 cm (24 in) and weigh up to 4 kg (9 lb).
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