Home Animals
Barytherium

Barytherium

The images you see on this page have been generated by AI - they are not real images of Barytherium, but they are great nonetheless! :)
2023-07-18 Snargl 0 minute 0 second

What kind of animal is Barytherium?

Barytherium was a genus of an extinct family of primitive proboscideans that lived during the late Eocene and early Oligocene in North Africa.

They had eight very short tusks, four each in the upper and lower jaws, which resembled those of a modern hippopotamus more than those of an elephant.

They also had a trunk that may have been similar to that of a tapir or elephant seal.
Author:

Where does the Barytherium live?

Barytherium was a genus of extinct proboscideans, the group of animals that includes elephants and their relatives.
Barytherium lived during the late Eocene and early Oligocene epochs, about 37 to 33 million years ago.

Barytherium was mainly found in northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
The first fossils of Barytherium were discovered at the beginning of the 20th century in Fayum, Egypt.
Later, more complete specimens were found at Dor el Talha, Libya.
In 2011, new fossils were also discovered in the Aidum area in Dhofar by Oman's Ministry of Heritage and Culture, which were named Barytherium omansi.

Barytherium was one of the first large proboscideans to appear in the fossil record.
It stood about 2.5 to 3 meters tall at the shoulder and weighed around 3 to 4 tons.
It had a flat skull with air-filled chambers to reduce the weight of the head.
It had a large nasal opening that may have supported a trunk, but the size and shape of the trunk are unknown.

Barytherium had eight short tusks, four in each jaw, that resembled those of a hippopotamus more than those of an elephant.
The upper pairs were vertical, while the lower pairs projected forwards horizontally.
These tusks created a shearing action for cutting plants.
Barytherium also had a reduced dentition compared to its older relative, Moeritherium.
It had only one incisor and no canine in each jaw.
The molars had a bilophodont structure, with two transverse ridges on each tooth.

Barytherium was probably a herbivore that fed on soft vegetation near water sources.
It may have been semi-aquatic, like Moeritherium, or more terrestrial, like modern elephants.
It is not clear how Barytherium was related to other proboscideans, but it may have been a transitional form between the primitive and the advanced forms.
Author:

Continue browsing posts in category "Animals"
You may find these posts interesting:
Babirussa
1
0
1
6
0
Babirussa
Addax
3
0
1
8
2
Addax
Australobarbar
3
0
1
9
0
Australobarbar
Cat
242
0
24
317
0
Cat
Home
Terms of Service
Contact Us

© 2023 Snargl.com